Chamar (Sikh traditions) in Pakistan


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest Pakistan census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Subgroups: 1

Subgroup Name Population
Dosadh Unknown

Introduction / History

The Sikh Chamar are Hindus who converted to Sikhism under the teaching of the Ten Gurus who lived from 1469 to 1708. Sikhism teaches that there is no caste system. All men and women are equal in God's eyes. Many of the Hindus who became Sikhs were from the Dalit caste. The original occupation of the Chamar was that of leather worker, a job despised by upper caste Hindus. Later, many Chamar became weavers and landless agricultural workers. Though most live in western India, a small number live further west in Pakistan’s Punjab Province where there are few Sikhs.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Today the Sikh Chamar live diverse lives. Educated Sikhs enjoy middle to upper class positions in cities. Uneducated Sikh Chamar still live in rural villages much like their ancestors. A Sikh Chamar can marry any other Sikh since one of the basic tenets of Sikhism is rejected of the caste system and equality for all. Sikhs are monogamous, that is they marry only one spouse. They forbid child marriage. A newly born baby is taken to a Gurdwara or Sikh place of worship for naming. Each Sikh boy is given the name of Singh or lion while the girl receives the name Kaur or princess. By giving each Sikh the same last name, the 10 Gurus wanted to eliminate the caste system, which is often revealed on one's last name. The Sikh Chamar are not vegetarians. However, they do not eat pork. Their main foods are rice, other grains, vegetables, and fruit.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Though there are Chamars who are Hindu or Muslim, there are also Sikhs among them. Sikhism originated from a 15th century teacher named Guru Nanak Dev as a reform movement. He rejected the Hindu caste system, taught that all people were equal and that all have equal access to God. The Sikh God is formless, without gender and is to be found in everyone. One gets closer to God by living a good life and by practicing charity. Like Hindus, Sikhs believe in reincarnation and the law of karma; you reap what you sow in your previous life. Like Muslims, the Sikhs worship only one God. One may recognize a Sikh man by his distinctive turban. All the 10 great Sikh gurus wore turbans. Sikh teaching mandates that a person not cut his or her hair. They worship their holy book, the Granth Sahib, which is a collection of hymns. There are roughly the same number of Sikhs as there are Jews in the world, but Sikhs are most concentrated in Punjab, their homeland. However, you will find smaller numbers of Sikhs all over the world. Many of the best Indian restaurants in the West are owned and operated by Sikhs.


What Are Their Needs?

The Sikh Chamars need to put their identity in Jesus Christ and accept His abundant life.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Chamar (Sikh traditions) in Pakistan.

Pray for workers needed to sow God's Word into Sikh Chamar families, healing and strengthening households with God's blessings. Pray for movements to Jesus to sweep through Sikh families, permeating the group from within. Ask God to deliver families and communities within the Sikh Chamar people from fears that hinder them from embracing His blessings.


References

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chamar
sikhiwiki.org/index.php/Chamar
sikhismguide.org/gurus.php


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

The Sikhs
Source:  Asia Harvest      Download

People Name General Chamar (Sikh traditions)
People Name in Country Chamar (Sikh traditions)
Pronunciation chah-MAR
Population this Country 700
Population all Countries 1,581,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Arya; Bhambi; Chaudhari; Golia Raigar; Jatav; Jatia; Mehtar; Mochi; Ramdasi; Ramdasia; Ravidas; चामर (सिख ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 18060
ROP3 Code 113559
Country Pakistan
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 5  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country Pakistan
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 5  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 1
  Punjab 700
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Punjabi, Western (700 speakers)
Language Code pnb   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Punjabi, Western (700 speakers)
Language Code pnb   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Punjabi, Western

Primary Language:  Punjabi, Western

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1885-1922)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1819-1952)
Bible-Complete No
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings DAVAR Partners recording, New Testament
Audio Recordings Father's Love Letter
Audio Recordings Online Scripture / Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Punjabi, Western
Film / Video The Return
Film / Video The Return
General Four Spiritual Laws
General Gospel website in this language
General Got Questions Ministry
Text / Printed Matter Cartoon Gospel tract
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Text / Printed Matter World Missionary Press Booklets
Primary Religion: Other / Small
Religion Subdivision: Sikhism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
100.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
* From latest Pakistan census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Photo Source Balhar Singh 
Map Source People Group data: Omid. Map geography: UNESCO / GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project.  
Video Source Asia Harvest
Profile Source Joshua Project  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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