Selkup in Russia

The Selkup, Ostyak Samoyed have only been reported in Russia
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Selkup (also known as Ostyak Samoyed) are a small group of indigenous people who live in Western Siberia and in the Russian Arctic. Traditionally the Selkup were semi-nomadic hunters and fishermen who domesticated reindeer. The Russian Empire took over the land inhabited by the Selkup in the 17th and 18th century. The Russians began shooting the Selkup’s reindeer and forcing them to pay taxes in furs. These actions caused the Selkup to flee the Russians and live in even more remote areas of Siberia. The government of the Soviet Union made the Selkup live in one place and put their children in Russian boarding schools to learn Russian and atheism. Many of the languages and cultures of native Siberian peoples have become extinct. The Selkup language is also endangered as young people prefer to speak Russian and often leave their ancestral lands for better economic opportunities elsewhere. The Selkup language was put into Cyrillic script in 1940. At the time of this writing, there are no known Bible resources in the Selkup language.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The fall of the Soviet Union brought some relief to the Selkup. They are now permitted to pursue a more traditional lifestyle of hunting, fishing and raising reindeer. Only about half of the adults now speak the Samoyedic Selkup language. Other Selkup and most young people prefer speaking Russian. The Selkup have two homes, one for the severely cold winters. Their summer houses are tents which allow the Selkup to follow their reindeer herds. The reindeer provide the people with transportation, meat and hides. The men also hunt animals like rabbits, squirrels, wolverines, foxes, seals, and bears. Selkup trade meat and furs for the things that they cannot make themselves like snowmobiles, gasoline, small appliances, tools, and cell phones. The Selkup tend to marry within their group.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The majority of the Selkup practice folk religion and shamanism. They believe that spirits live in the objects of nature including the sky, rivers, rocks, mountains, and animals. The village shaman connects the Selkup with the spirit world. The Selkup feel that they must appease these spirits. Unappeased spirits can bring disasters upon the people. They must perform rituals, make offerings and pay respect to the spirits and their ancestors. A tiny fraction of the Selkup claims to be followers of Jesus Christ.


What Are Their Needs?

The Selkup need to be freed from their fear of evil spirits. Only the Lord can truly deliver them and forgive their sins. Medical and veterinary teams could meet the physical needs of the people and their reindeer. The Selkup would benefit from having the Bible and Christian resources translated into their language.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Selkup, Ostyak Samoyed in Russia.

*Pray that the Bible and Christian resources become available to the Selkup. *Pray the Lord sends workers to the Selkup to tell them the good news of Jesus Christ. *Ask God to raise up a Disciple Making Movement among the Selkup in this decade. *Pray the Lord will overcome the alcohol issues that plague the Selkup people.


References

https://www.britannica.com/topic/Selkup https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/selkup https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Selkup_people https://obzor.city/longread/selkup-space/where-did-the-selkups-come-from.html


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

People Name General Selkup, Ostyak Samoyed
People Name in Country Selkup, Ostyak Samoyed
Natural Name Selkup
Population this Country 3,700
Population all Countries 3,700
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Russian Samoyed; Selkup; Selkups
People ID 14230
ROP3 Code 107700
Country Russia
Region Europe, Eastern and Eurasia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Tomskaya Oblast’, Yamalo-Nenetskiy Avtonomnyy Okrug, Krasnoyarskiy Kray; northern dialect: Krasnoselkup region, Ratta, Krasnoselkupskaya Tolka, and Krasnoselkup villages; Purovsk region, Tolka Purovskaya village; Krasnoyarsk District, Farkovo; Turukhan river basin; Baikha; southern dialect: north Tomskaya Oblast’ area villages.   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Country Russia
Region Europe, Eastern and Eurasia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Tomskaya Oblast’, Yamalo-Nenetskiy Avtonomnyy Okrug, Krasnoyarskiy Kray; northern dialect: Krasnoselkup region, Ratta, Krasnoselkupskaya Tolka, and Krasnoselkup villages; Purovsk region, Tolka Purovskaya village; Krasnoyarsk District, Farkovo; Turukhan river basin; Baikha; southern dialect: north Tomskaya Oblast’ area villages..   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Primary Language Selkup
Language Code sel   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Unknown
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
Russian
Primary Language Selkup
Language Code sel   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
  Russian
People Groups Speaking Selkup

Primary Language:  Selkup

Bible Translation Status:  Translation Needed

Resource Type Resource Name
None reported  
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.70 %)
5.00 %
Ethnic Religions
95.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
0.0 %
Independent
0.0 %
Orthodox
100.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
Protestant
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source Anonymous  Creative Commons  Used with permission
Map Source West Siberian Peoples  
Profile Source Joshua Project  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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