Perna (Muslim traditions) in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Introduction / History

In 1871, British colonialists labeled the Perna as a “criminal tribe” and a “Denotified and Nomadic Tribe.” Both of these labels stigmatized them, and it still causes them problems today, more than 60 years after the newly independent Indian government took them out of these categories. Though they were once nomads, they are now in settled communities. They are now a Scheduled Caste, which means they have low status. Also, many Pernas do not want to come out publicly and say that they are from a “criminal” tribe. Most do not know about their rights.

Though they are mainly Hindu, some converted to Islam hundreds of years ago, and retain this religion today.


Where Are they Located?

Muslim Perna people in India live in Punjab state, though most live over the border in Pakistan. Some live in New Delhi as well. The Hindu Perna community is much larger than the Muslim one.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Most are landless farm workers, though some own their own farms. Commonly they are moving to cities to take on construction jobs. Unfortunately, it is common in the Perna community for a wife to be sold into prostitution by her in-laws after she bears her first child. Her husband usually doesn’t work. She must “work” from 11 at night till 7 in the morning, come home and take care of the needs of her family members. Her mother in law usually collects the money from her. Perna women adamantly do not want their daughters to go into sex work, so they try to get them into good schools.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Muslim Perna people are Sunni, the largest branch of Islam. They believe that the One, Supreme God, Allah, spoken through his prophet, Mohammed, and taught mankind how to live a righteous life through the Koran and the Hadith.

The two main holidays for Sunni Muslims are Eid al Fitr, the breaking of the monthly fast and Eid al Adha, the celebration of Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice his son to Allah. In most of the Muslim world, peoples depend on the spirit world for their daily needs since they regard Allah as too distant. Allah may determine their eternal salvation, but the spirits determine how well we live in our daily lives. For that reason, they must appease the spirits. They often use charms and amulets to help them with spiritual forces.


What Are Their Needs?

The Perna people need a constructive way to earn a living. Perhaps believers can help their women with the trauma of being prostitutes and teach them marketable skills.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Perna (Muslim traditions) in India.

* Pray for a movement of Jesus to heal and strengthen Perna families.
* Pray for a "Book of Acts" type of movement to Christ among the Perna.
* Pray for the Perna people to understand and embrace that Jesus wants to bless their families and neighborhoods.
* Pray for Holy Spirit anointed believers from the Perna people to change their society from within.
* Pray for a movement in which the Holy Spirit leads and empowers Perna disciples to make more disciples.


References

https://joshuaproject.net/people_groups/17866/IN
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perna_caste
https://psmag.com/social-justice/india-perna-caste-new-delhi-prostitution-rape-womens-rights-58957
https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/2016/11/indian-caste-prostitution-hereditary-161122124031163.html
https://www.youthkiawaaz.com/2017/02/perna-women-in-india/
https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2017/04/30/518156410/the-surprising-wishes-of-indias-sex-workers


Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

People Name General Perna (Muslim traditions)
People Name in Country Perna (Muslim traditions)
World Population 12,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Bangali; Gad Jhir; Parna; Perna; पेरणा (मुस्लिम ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 17664
ROP3 Code 113104
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 2
Largest States
Punjab
200
Jammu and Kashmir
100
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 2
  Punjab 200
  Jammu and Kashmir 100
Website South Asia Peoples

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Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Language Punjabi, Eastern (200 speakers)
Language Code pan   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 3
Secondary Languages
Dogri
80
Urdu
30
Primary Language Punjabi, Eastern (200 speakers)
Language Code pan   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 3
Secondary Languages
  Dogri 80
  Urdu 30
People Groups Speaking Punjabi, Eastern

Primary Language:  Punjabi, Eastern

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1818-1954)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1815-2011)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1818-2017)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Eyes of the Heart
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Punjabi, Eastern
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Satsung of the Sadguru Jesus
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video Who Can Help You?
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible: ਪੰਜਾਬੀ - Panjabi
Text / Printed Matter OneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed Matter Online New Testament (Bibles India)
Text / Printed Matter World Missionary Press Booklets
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
100.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Profile Source Keith Carey  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more