Kalal (Hindu traditions) in Nepal

Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge
* Data can be from various sources including official census, agencies, and local research. Data from these sources can sometimes differ even by orders of magnitude. Joshua Project attempts to present a conservative, balanced estimate.

Introduction / History

The Kalal people have traditionally been involved in the production and distribution of liquor. Their name comes from the Sanskrit word for "liquor distillers." Since many Hindus look down on the use of alcohol, the Kalal began in the last century to adopt other professions like agriculture, the military, government service and law. The Kalal speak the languages of the regions where they live.

Where Are they Located?

They live mainly in India's southern states, but some live in Nepal or Bangladesh.

What Are Their Lives Like?

The Kala are endogamous, that is, they marry within their community. Adult marriages and monogamy are the general practice. Families arrange most marriages in a ceremony with a Brahmin present. Most newly married couples live with or near the husband's family.

Though they are Hindus, the Kalals eat meat but not beef or pork. Their main staple is rice along with fruit, vegetables and dairy products. Alcoholism is a problem among the Kalal people.

The Kalal encourage their children to pursue higher education and become professionals.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The Kalal worship Vishnu, the preserver god, in his incarnations of Rama and Krishna. The Kalal cremate their dead and the ashes are placed in a sacred river like the Ganges.

A Kalal priest leads worship, practices traditional medicine and prays to protect his people from evil spirits. The Kalal celebrate the Hindu festivals like the birthday of Rama. Holi is the spring festival of colors. Kalal worship Durga, a form of Kali, during the nine holy days of Navratri.

What Are Their Needs?

The Kalal people need to put their hope and trust in the finished work of Jesus Christ, the only one who can give them dignity in this life, and salvation in the life to come.

Prayer Points

Pray for workers to go to the Kalal people in Nepal as well as those in India.
Pray for their hearts to be open and willing to accept the blessings of Jesus Christ.
Pray for the gospel to penetrate the hearts of Kalal family and community leaders, who can in turn open the door for their entire people group to follow the Lord.
Pray for Kalal disciples to make disciples who will make more disciples.

Scripture Prayers for the Kalal (Hindu traditions) in Nepal.



Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

People Name General Kalal (Hindu traditions)
People Name in Country Kalal (Hindu traditions)
Pronunciation kah-LAHL
Alternate Names Ahlajia; Aluwala; Aluwari; Aray; Arya Katagaru; Asili; Chaukse; Chaulise; Dadsena; Ediga Balija; Gamalla; Gavara; Gouda; Hindu Kasai; Idiga; Indra; Iraqi; Iraque; Jaisawal; Kahar; Kalal; Kalan; Kalanaj; Kalans; Kalar; Kalate Kalans; Kali; Kalivar; Kalwar; Kasai; Katagaru; Katig; Khatik; Kolar; Kolawar; Kumarpaik; Ladar; Lader; Madvi; Malvi; Maratha Kasai; Naidu; Namdhari; Panda; Paneda; Raj Bhoi; Raki; Roy; Shindigar; Sundi; Thiyar; Tiyan; Vadugan; Walia; Yatollu; Yediga; Yelegar; Yellegar; कलाल (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
Population this Country 1,000
Population all Countries 2,624,000
Total Countries 3
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
People ID 17204
ROP3 Code 112570
ROP25 Code 303533
ROP25 Name Kalal
Country Nepal
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Total States on file 6
Largest States
Country Nepal
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Total States 6
  Sagarmatha 700
  Janakpur 200
  Bagmati 70
  Lumbini 40
  Kosi 20
  Mechi 10
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
100.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
* From latest Nepal census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Primary Language Maithili (800 speakers)
Language Code mai   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
Primary Language Maithili (800 speakers)
Language Code mai   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
  Bhojpuri 100
People Groups Speaking Maithili

Primary Language:  Maithili

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes
Bible-New Testament Yes  (2010)
Bible-Complete No
FCBH NT (www.bible.is) Online
YouVersion NT (www.bible.com) Online
Possible Print Bibles
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name Source
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching Global Recordings Network
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories One Story
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio Jesus Film Project
Film / Video God's Story video God's Story
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation Create International
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Maithili Jesus Film Project
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels Bible Media Group/LUMO
Film / Video My Last Day video, anime Jesus Film Project
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children Jesus Film Project
Film / Video World Christian Videos World Christian Videos
General Bible for Children Bible for Children
General Biblical answers to your questions Got Questions Ministry
General Faith Comes By Hearing - Bible in text or audio or video Faith Comes by Hearing
General Scripture Earth Gospel resources links Scripture Earth
General YouVersion Bible versions in text and/or audio YouVersion Bibles
General Zume Resources Zume Project
General Zume Training Zume Project
Mobile App Android Bible app: Maithili YouVersion Bibles
Mobile App Download audio Bible app as APK file Faith Comes by Hearing
Mobile App iOS Bible app: Maithili YouVersion Bibles
Text / Printed Matter Children and youth resources One Hope
Text / Printed Matter Jesus Messiah comic book General / Other
Text / Printed Matter Literacy primer for Maithili Literacy & Evangelism International
Text / Printed Matter The Ancient Path Live Global
Text / Printed Matter Topical Scripture booklets and Bible studies World Missionary Press
Photo Source Anonymous 
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source Keith Carey 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Learn more.

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