The Pashtun of Afghanistan and Pakistan have been called the largest Muslim tribal society in the world. There are at least 30 major tribes, and countless sub-tribes and clans. Spread over a vast geographical area and riven by socio-economic, political, tribal, and linguistic (dialectical) differences, Pashtuns nevertheless share a unique sense of common identity. Pashtun identity is based on four elements: Heritage (descent from a common ancestor); Islam (99.9% Muslim); the Pashtunwali Code of Honor ("The Way of the Pashtun"); and to some extent, language (Pakhtu or Pashto). They live primarily in Afghanistan and Pakistan, though there is a significant Pashtun diaspora in the Arab Gulf and many Western countries. A small number are in Kyrgyzstan.
The Pashtuns who live in Kyrgyzstan are usually well-educated. They go to that country looking for better economic opportunities and a peaceful environment. They are often hassled by tax collectors and the Kyrgyz police in an attempt to get money from them. Pashtun refugees in Kyrgyzstan often feel unwelcome. The Kyrgyz sometimes expect them to be Islamic militants, not knowing that these people are fleeing from the Taliban themselves.
No matter where they live the Pashtuns almost always identify themselves as Sunni Muslims. They will be married in a mosque, and to be associated with another religious system would be unacceptable in their community. Those who want to take Christ to the Pashtuns will need to do just that; take Christ to them, not a religious system. The Pashtunwali Code of Honor erodes among Pashtuns who live in urban settings. Some of them have only a weak identity as Pashtuns. They need to find their identity in the Savior who loves them and wants them to be transformed into His likeness.
The Pashtuns need to hear of the only Savior of mankind, the one who can give them abundant life if they would allow Him.
* Scripture Prayers for the Pashtun, Northern in Kyrgyzstan.
Pray for a movement to Christ among the Pashtuns Diaspora that will spread far and wide. Pray for accuracy in Bible translations in progress. Pray for more workers to serve among the Pashtun people in Kyrgyzstan—in education, business, healthcare, development, and other professional areas. No one knows how many Pashtuns are following Jesus. Seeds of the gospel have been sown widely. The greatest barriers to faith are social and cultural. Pray for God’s Spirit to strengthen and protect new believers and to empower their lives and witness.
|Profile Source: Joshua Project|
|Expanded PDF Profile|
|People Name General||Pashtun, Northern|
|People Name in Country||Pashtun, Northern|
|Natural Name||Northern Pashtun|
|Population this Country||600|
|Population all Countries||33,845,000|
|Progress Scale||1 ●|
|Frontier People Group||Yes|
|Pioneer Workers Needed||1|
|Alternate Names||Afghan; Eastern Pashto; Eastern Pathan; Khan Saheb; Khans; Musalman; Paktoons; Pashtun, Western; Pathan; Pushtun; Pushtun Afghan; Safi; Shafi; Western Pathan; पश्तून, नॉर्दर्न|
|Primary Language||Pashto, Northern (600 speakers)|
|Language Code||pbu Ethnologue Listing|
|Language Written||Yes ScriptSource Listing|
Primary Language: Pashto, Northern
|Bible Translation ▲||Status (Years)|
|Bible-New Testament||Yes (1818-1991)|
|Possible Print Bibles|
|Forum Bible Agencies|
|National Bible Societies|
|World Bible Finder|
|Resource Type ▲||Resource Name|
|Audio Recordings||Audio Bible teaching (GRN)|
|Audio Recordings||DAVAR Partners recording, New Testament|
|Audio Recordings||Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)|
|Film / Video||God's Love Story|
|Film / Video||Indigitube.tv Video / Animation|
|Film / Video||Jesus Film: view in Pashto, Northern|
|Film / Video||Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)|
|Film / Video||The Prophets' Story|
|Film / Video||The Savior 0 - The Savior Trailer|
|Film / Video||The Savior 4 - Sowing of the Word|
|General||General Ministry Resources|
|General||Got Questions Ministry|
|Text / Printed Matter||Multi-Language Media|
|Text / Printed Matter||Online Bible text (Scripture Earth)|
|Major Religion ▲||Percent|
|Christianity (Evangelical 0.00 %)||
|Other / Small||
|Christian Segments ▲||Percent|