Kazakh in Lithuania

Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

Traditionally the Kazaks were semi nomadic, equestrian tribal people who roamed the Ural Mountains and the regions of northern and Central Asia of Eurasia. As several of the clans formed a federation for mutual protection, they took on an ethnic identity of their own. Kazakh ethnic identity accelerated during the late 15th and early 16th centuries. Since then, Kazakhs have preserved their culture in part by keeping a tradition of oral history.During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the annexation of Central Asia by Russia and the Soviet Union respectively, resulted in Kazakhs fleeing the steppes to Europe and Asia, with many later becoming citizens of those countries. Among these were ones who fled to Lithuania where they still live today.Since 1991, the government of Kazakhstan, as part of their nation building strategy, has actively supported the return migration of ‘oralman’, (the Kazakh word for those in diaspora), by offering incentives to lure them into settling in Kazakhstan. As a result, one million ethnic Kazakhs have repatriated to their ancestral homeland. This might be one of the reasons there are so few Kazakhs in Lithuania today.

What Are Their Lives Like?

As the Kazakhs dispersed during the Soviet annexation, the diaspora Kazakhs, over time, embraced the language and traditions of the land they emigrated to. Most of the Kazakhs in Lithuania speak the local language and Russian, the latter being a regional trade language. They usually speak their own language at home and within their ethnic community.Most live in an urban environment in houses or small apartments, taking up low paid jobs. Western style dress is common among urban Kazakhs.The Kazakh diaspora has kept their traditional cuisine along with local cuisine. Besbarmak is a traditional Kazakh food, made with boiled lamb. Rice and bread are common staples. The Kazakhs enjoy eating apples, grapes, melons, and tomatoes. They have tea with almost every meal.The structure of the Kazakh family is patriarchal, or male-dominated, but this is gradually changing. Such changes have caused a breakdown in the traditional Kazakh family. However, Kazakhs still retain an extremely hierarchical view. Elderly people those with high positions are given great respect and honor.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The Kazakhs are Sunni Muslims and are the second largest Muslim group of Central Asia. Islam was first introduced to the Kazakhs in the early eighth century. Typically Kazakh Islamic practices are combined with traditional folk religions such as shamanism, animism and ancestor worship. Even those who live in Lithuania continue to consult shamans (priests who communicate with the spirits). They also practice traditional rituals before and after marriage, at birth, and at death. Being greatly superstitious, many of them wear protection beads and talisman to ward off the evil spirits and the evil eye.Since 1818 missionary efforts by various Christian organizations has borne fruit among the Kazakhs in Kazakhstan. Today, the entire Bible, in modern translation, is available to any Kazakh with internet access, including those in Lithuania.

What Are Their Needs?

The few Kazakhs in Lithuania need the chance to make Jesus the center of their lives. He alone can provide them with the abundant life God wants them to enjoy.

Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Kazakh in Lithuania.

Ask the Lord to send long term laborers to live among Kazakhs in Lithuania and share the love of Christ with them.Ask the Holy Spirit to open the hearts of Kazakhs so that they will be receptive to the gospel.Pray that Christian businessmen will have open doors to share the gospel.Ask the Lord to raise up strong local churches among Kazakhs and other Muslims in Lithuania. Pray that these churches will plant other churches.Pray that Kazakh missionaries will willingly preach the gospel to Kazakhs wherever they live and teach them to obey Christ’s commandments.

Profile Source:   JoshuaProject  

The Kazakhs of Central Asia
Source:  Asia Harvest      Download

Additional Info
Kazakhs profile for Children and Family Missions Activities
People Name General Kazakh
People Name in Country Kazakh
Pronunciation KAH-zahk
Population this Country 500
Population all Countries 15,888,000
Total Countries 25
Indigenous No
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Gazaqi; Hazake; Kazax; Qazaq; Qazaqi; कॅज़ॅक
People ID 12599
ROP3 Code 104791
Country Lithuania
Region Europe, Eastern and Eurasia
Continent Europe
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Country Lithuania
Region Europe, Eastern and Eurasia
Continent Europe
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked

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Primary Language Kazakh (500 speakers)
Language Code kaz   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Kazakh (500 speakers)
Language Code kaz   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Kazakh

Primary Language:  Kazakh

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1818-1989)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1820-2008)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1820-2011)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Possible Print Bibles
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation
Film / Video Jans Testimony
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Kazakh
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Prophets' Story
General Four Spiritual Laws
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download audio Bible app as APK file from FCBH
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Text / Printed Matter Tools for faith conversations
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
0.00 %
60.00 %
40.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
Other Christian
Roman Catholic
Photo Source Petar Milošević - Wikimedia  Creative Commons 
Video Source Asia Harvest
Profile Source JoshuaProject  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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