Hani in Laos


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

Most scholars believe the Hani originated in Tibet and moved down to southern China many centuries ago. Hani legends state their ancestors lived in 1,000 homes on a plain far to the north of their present location.

Among the Hani it is important to be able to recite their genealogy back to the progenitor of their race, Sm Mi O.

The Hani live near the Laos border with Yunnan Province, China. The vast majority of Hani live in southwest China.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Hani are a needy and poverty-stricken people. They have a high infant mortality rate; many of their children die during infancy. The Hani life expectancy is just 58 years.

Most are rice farmers who skillfully build their terraces on mountain and hill slopes, using irrigation canals and dams. They use different kinds of pickaxes, hoes, spades, water buffalo drawn plows, and tillers for farming. Fertilizers, especially cattle dung, are used for farming. Cattle production is also slowly developing among the Hani.

A few Hani still practice slash and burn agriculture. These farmers generally live in separate groups, each with a few families, far away from each other.

Most Hani families are patrilineal, meaning that the line of descent is through the father. The father or eldest brother is the head of the family and makes all the decisions. Two to four family branches make up a clan. The members of each clan have a patronymic (name that is derived from a common father or ancestor).

Young Hani men and women are allowed to choose their marriage partner, but with parental consent. Wedding rituals vary from district to district. However, it is customary for the husband to live in the wife's home for three to four years.

The Hani like handicrafts such as wickerwork, cotton weaving, and dyeing. Their folk arts and literature are also fairly well developed. Many stories of literary and historic value, as well as folk tales, have been passed down. A number of Hani poems are about marriage and other customs.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Hani have a legend of a lost book. They claim they once had their own script, which was written on buffalo skin by the Creator God. On a long journey the Hani got hungry and ate the book, and ever since have been without a written script.

The Hani have three major religious clergymen. The zuima is a male from the oldest household who directs all religious activities. The beima perform magic rites and exorcisms. Male and female nima make predictions and administer medicinal herbs.


What Are Their Needs?

The Hani people need skilled followers of Christ to help them with their many medical needs.


Prayer Points

Pray for the Lord to thrust out loving and faithful workers to set up pre-natal care clinics among the Hani people in Laos.

Pray that hindrances to the advance of the gospel among the Hani be removed.

Pray for an unstoppable movement to Christ among the Hani people of Laos and China.


Scripture Prayers for the Hani in Laos.


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

The Jungles of Southern Yunnan
Source:  Asia Harvest      Download

People Name General Hani
People Name in Country Hani
Pronunciation HA-nee
Population this Country 800
Population all Countries 798,000
Total Countries 3
Indigenous No
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Bru Kanay; Gazhou; Ha Nhi; Hà Nhì; Ha Nhi Gia; Haoni; Haw; Hayi; Ho; Houni; Khatu; Mawteik; Ouni; Pudu; Puteik; Putu; Sak; Thet; U Ni; Uni; Woni; Xa Uni
People ID 12062
ROP3 Code 103712
Country Laos
Region Asia, Southeast
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 26  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Phongsali province, Sikao, Khuchu Lin, Si Ben Chat villages, Gnot-Ou district   Source:  Faces of the Unreached in Laos, 1999
Country Laos
Region Asia, Southeast
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 26  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Phongsali province, Sikao, Khuchu Lin, Si Ben Chat villages, Gnot-Ou district.   Source:  Faces of the Unreached in Laos, 1999

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Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Language Hani
Language Code hni   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
Honi
Primary Language Hani
Language Code hni   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
  Honi
People Groups Speaking Hani

Primary Language:  Hani

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (2016)
Bible-New Testament No
Bible-Complete No
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Hani
General Gospel resources links
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
30.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
70.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
Unknown
Independent
Unknown
Orthodox
Unknown
Other Christian
Unknown
Protestant
Unknown
Roman Catholic
Unknown
Photo Source Takeaway - Wikimedia  Creative Commons 
Video Source Asia Harvest
Profile Source Joshua Project  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more