Jhinwar (Hindu traditions) in India

Jhinwar (Hindu traditions)
Photo Source:  Copyrighted © 2021
Isudas  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source:  People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project
People Name: Jhinwar (Hindu traditions)
Country: India
10/40 Window: Yes
Population: 582,000
World Population: 583,900
Primary Language: Punjabi, Eastern
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Christian Adherents: 0.05 %
Evangelicals: 0.00 %
Scripture: Complete Bible
Online Audio NT: No
Jesus Film: Yes
Audio Recordings: Yes
People Cluster: South Asia Hindu - other
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
Progress Level:

Introduction / History

The Jhinwar people are live in India and Pakistan. At the Partition of 1947 most of the Hindu Jhinwar moved to India and the Muslim Jhinwar located to Pakistan. There also a sizable Sikh community among the Jhinwar. A small population of Hindu Jhinwar chose to stay behind and continue to live in Pakistan. The traditional occupation of the Jhinwar has been related to water, in fishing, boating and as water carriers. Others work in agriculture as farmers, day laborers or in grinding grain. Illiteracy is a major issue for the Jhinwar especially among the women and girls. The gospel will need to be presented to the Jhinwar in oral and visual forms. The two main languages of the Jhinwar in Pakistan are Western Punjabi and Urdu. The New Testament and the Jesus Film are available in Western Punjabi.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Some Jhinwar work in business as traders in fish and mutton. Many urban Jhinwar work in factories and in construction. Some rural Jhinwar make baskets for a living. Many of the Jhinwar are now day laborers in agriculture. Women carry water to villages and work as domestics. As Hindus, they will not eat beef. Most Jhinwar did not eat pork so as to not offend their Muslim neighbors. They marry as adults. One marriage to one spouse is their normal pattern. Divorce and remarriage are not favorably accepted by them. Families arrange marriages within their group. Sons inherit property upon their father’s death.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The small group of Jhinwar in India practice Hinduism, the ancient religion of India. They worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. Hindus believe that by performing rituals and good works that they will attain moksha or freedom from the endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth. The Jhinwar visit Hindu temples and offer prayers, food, flowers, and incense to their gods in hopes of gaining protection and benefits. They do not have a personal or familial relationship with their gods as Christians do. There are many forms of Hinduism, each with its own deities and beliefs. The main yearly holidays of the Jhinwar people are Holi, the festival of colors and the start of spring, Diwali, the festival of lights, Navratri, the celebration of autumn and Rama Navami, Rama’s birthday. Many Hindu Jhinwar in Pakistan also celebrate Muslim holidays. The caste system divides Hindus into four main categories - Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and the Shudras. Dalits and tribal peoples are outside of the caste system. The Jhinwar fall into the Shudra or working caste.

What Are Their Needs?

The Hindu Jhinwar of Pakistan would benefit by new job skills and better education for their children. Rural Jhinwar need access to modern medicine and clean water. Most of all the Jhinwar must hear and understand the life-changing message about Jesus Christ. He alone can forgive their sins and grant them eternal life.

Prayer Points

* Pray that God's Holy Spirit will open new doors in hearts to positive changes among Jhinwar people. * Pray for the Jhinwar people to have a Holy Spirit driven hunger for spiritual truth that will drive them to Jesus Christ and the Bible. * Pray for the Lord to thrust out new workers who will lovingly stick with these people until they have a church planting movement. * Pray for a disciple making movement to sweep through all Jhinwar communities in this decade.

Text Source:   Keith Carey