Heikum, Kedi in Angola

Send Joshua Project a map of this people group.
People Name: Heikum, Kedi
Country: Angola
10/40 Window: No
Population: 1,800
World Population: 68,800
Primary Language: Haiom
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Christian Adherents: 10.00 %
Evangelicals: 10.00 %
Scripture: Translation Started
Online Audio NT: No
Jesus Film: No
Audio Recordings: Yes
People Cluster: Khoisan
Affinity Bloc: Sub-Saharan Peoples
Progress Level:

Introduction / History

The Bushmen are also called San. They have lived in southern Africa for over 1000 years, long enough for each subgroup to have a language that is very different than the others. One of these subgroups is the Kedi Heikum. Each subgroup has their own language. The Kedi Heikum live in Angola.

Europeans contacted the Bushmen around 1550. During this time, the Bushmen retreated from both Black Bantu peoples as well as White Europeans. As time went on, the Bushmen only had the most difficult places to live. They have given themselves the name that roughly translated to “the people” and outsiders have a name which means, “animals without hooves.” That name indicates they view outsiders as being like dangerous predators.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Living in the hardest places to survive has given them rare abilities. They are excellent game trackers, and they know how to find adequate food and water in the desert. Their social interactions are egalitarian; leaders hold limited power.

In the bush, Kedi Heikum gender roles are pragmatic. Men usually hunt while women find food and water. Yet both genders will do what it takes to care for their families, and there is no shame in changing roles. Women get married at age 19, usually to a man in his 20s. Half of their first marriages end in divorce, usually because of personal incompatibility. Domestic violence is rare because the village unit is so close that neighbors intervene.

In recent years the Bushmen have worked on other people’s farms or tended livestock, and they are paid with food. Their nomadic lives have been hampered by ranchers who fence in land. Cattle muddy the water and eat the brush that once benefitted the Kedi Heikum and their game.

Bushmen women are now dependent on their husbands, and domestic violence is more common. Homes are spread out, and there is no one to intervene.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The traditional beliefs of the Kedi Heikum include a supreme God, the creator. He is all-knowing. He punishes mankind through the weather. They also worship ancestral spirits and include shamans in some spiritual practices.

Though they have their traditional practices, the Kedi Heikum are also Christianized. Some have faith in the living Christ to help them through these difficult times.

What Are Their Needs?

The Kedi Heikum need God’s intervention to help them adjust to a changing world. They have been pushed around, marginalized and patronized. Their future is dark since they have to work for others instead of living independent lives. Women are especially vulnerable in the new world they face.

Prayer Points

Pray for the Lord to lead the Kedi Heikum into a brighter future.

Pray for them to learn new, valuable skills that will help them prosper economically.

Pray for their leaders to point them to the risen and victorious Christ who can guide them through uncertainties.

Text Source:   Joshua Project