Photo Source: Angelo Bonelli
Map Source: Joshua Project
|Primary Religion:||Ethnic Religions|
|Christian Adherents:||0.00 %|
|Online Audio NT:||No|
|Affinity Bloc:||Latin-Caribbean Americans|
The Indians by the Cuminapanema river in Brazil call themselves by the name of Zoe. They are also called Bure, Porturu and Porturujara. They speak one language and it is from Tupi-Guarani, related to the Tupi.
The Zoe had contact with Protestant missionaries and Funai woodsmen. In 1975 people from the IDESP agency found a village with three large huts. The team flew above the village and arrows were fired at the plane. They found another three villages and told the Funai who put woodsmen in the region to work.
In 1982, Evangelical missionaries from the Missao Novas Tribos do Brasil (New Tribes Mission of Brazil) contacted the Zoe. The contact was uneasy and a few gifts were given. Later in the 1980s they made occasional contacts with the Indians who were said to be restless and withdrawn. In 1987 contact was made and the missionaries offered gifts but were fired at with arrows. The Funai were told about it and they prevented the missionaries from living in the villages. In 1989 the Funai found that the health of the Indians was not too good and they told the missionaries to leave and then took control of the region.
The Zoe appear to keep away from local neighbors who they regard as enemies. Travelling conditions are difficult. The region is quite preserved.
It was decided that the Zoe could have contact with other people according to their own terms. The Zoe decided they want relations with the white people and are curious about the world around them. They also want to meet other Indians.
The Zoe have an autonomous economic and political social structure of the local group. They have huts for houses with one family or two units in different places in the hut and having their own hearth. They are involved in agriculture and they hunt and fish.
The fields are reused every year and cassava and other products get replanted. Hunting and fishing causes families to go well away from their villages and to stay to where they go to for many weeks, having plenty to hunt and fish and using flour. The women use ceramics and woven materials for the usage of cassava.
The Zoe love Brazil nuts. Besides being used for food, the nut shells are made into bracelets and hammocks are made from the fiber of the shells.
The Zoe men may have more than one wife and the Zoe women may have more than one husband. Though the advice of men called Yu is particularly taken notice of in certain matters, everyone is equal amongst the Zoe.
* Pray that when they go to the cities they will meet Christians who will lead them to Jesus Christ.
* Pray that people from the Yu become Christians and lead other members of the Zoe tribe to salvation.