Kurd, Kurmanji in Jordan

Kurd, Kurmanji
Photo Source:  Anonymous 
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People Name: Kurd, Kurmanji
Country: Jordan
10/40 Window: Yes
Population: 7,500
World Population: 15,873,200
Primary Language: Kurdish, Northern
Primary Religion: Islam
Christian Adherents: 0.10 %
Evangelicals: 0.05 %
Scripture: Complete Bible
Online Audio NT: No
Jesus Film: Yes
Audio Recordings: Yes
People Cluster: Kurd
Affinity Bloc: Persian-Median
Progress Level:

Introduction / History

The Kurds are one of the largest ethno-linguistic people group in the world without their own nation. The homeland of the Kurds is in the Middle East, northwestern Iran, southeastern Turkey and the northern sections of Iraq and Syria. After WWII Kurds began to migrate from the violence and turmoil of southeastern Turkey to the relative calm of Jordan. Since the outbreak of the Lebanese Civil War in 1975 more Kurds have fled to Jordan.

Where Are they Located?

Kurds currently living in Jordan are mainly near the capital of Amman.

What Are Their Lives Like?

The Kurds of Jordan have been in a weak position both socially and economically. Though ill-paid for their unskilled manual labor, they cannot press for better conditions for fear of deportation. Many of the Kurds are not Jordanian citizens. The traditional occupation of the Kurds was that of herding goats and sheep. Jordanian Kurds now work in small businesses, restaurants, in construction and in manufacturing. They try to keep a low profile and not draw attention to themselves. Family is an essential part of Kurdish culture. The relationship between family members is close. The clan and community are more important than the individual in traditional Kurdish society. The Kurdish father is the traditional head of the home. Traditionally a Kurdish man and woman in love could not marry without both their families' permission. Kurdish women and girls are supposed to dress modestly. Dressing immodestly would dishonor her family. Respecting older people is integral part of Kurdish culture. Hospitality and family honor are significant features. Some young Kurdish people have started to put their own interests before that of their family and community.

What Are Their Beliefs?

About 75% of the world's Kurds claim to be Sunni Muslims. Smaller Kurdish groups include Shia, Sufi, Christian and Yazidi. Sunni Kurds tend to be more tolerate of other faiths than other Muslims. Sunni Kurds try to obey the teachings of the Koran and the prophet Mohammad. They believe that by obeying the Five Pillars of Islam that they will attain heaven when they die. However, Allah, the supreme God of the universe, determines who enters paradise. Sunnis pray five times a day facing Mecca. They fast the month of Ramadan. They attend mosque services on Friday. If a Muslim has the means, he or she will make a pilgrimage to Mecca once in his or her lifetime. The two main holidays for Sunni Muslims are Eid al Fitr, the breaking of the monthly fast and Eid al Adha, the celebration of Abraham's willingness to sacrifice his son to Allah. The Kurdish New Year on March 21 is celebrated as the most important holiday of the year by all Kurds regardless of religion. Celebrations often go on for more than a week. They exchange gifts. Families and friends get together for meals. Old feuds are temporarily put aside.

What Are Their Needs?

The Kurds living in Jordan must understand that biblical Christianity is not just a Western religion. They must see that their good works and devotion to family will not gain them the forgiveness of their sins or eternal life. True spiritual blessings only come through Jesus Christ.

Prayer Points

Pray the Lord leads Jordanian believers to build friendships with Kurds and tell them about their Savior. Pray that God creates a hunger for the Bible and spiritual truth in the heart of the Kurdish people living in Jordan. Ask God to raise up a Disciple Making Movement among Jordanian Kurds in this decade. Pray that Kurdish leaders are willing to investigate the claims of Jesus Christ.

Text Source:   Joshua Project