The Gawaria were traditionally a Hindu nomadic people who raised sheep and goats. They became traders after their land was no longer able to sustain agriculture or grazing. They used herds of bullocks and oxen to carry their goods for trade. Today most have settled down and live in the northwestern Indian states of Rajasthan and Gujarat though there is a small population of them in Punjab, Pakistan.
However, with the advancement in the transportation industry, the Gawaria people have turned to other professions. Some make household articles from cane or wild grass and weave mats. Others work in the building trades especially in masonry. Their literacy level is very low. The Gawaria marry within their group but outside of their clan. The bride’s family pay a dowry at the time of the wedding. The couple often goes to live with the groom's family. The bride and groom circle a sacred fire seven times during the wedding ceremony. Brahmin priests officiate at weddings. They permit divorce and remarriage, but only with the consent of the community caste council. Inheritance is equally divided among sons and the eldest takes over the guidance of the family in place of the father.
The Gawaria practice Hinduism, the ancient religion of India. They worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. Hindus believe that by performing rituals and good works that they will attain moksha or freedom from the endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth. The Gawaria visit Hindu temples and offer prayers, food, flowers, and incense to their gods in hopes of gaining protection and benefits. They do not have a personal or familial relationship with their god as Christians do. There are many forms of Hinduism, each with its own deities and beliefs. The main yearly holidays of the Gawaria people are Holi, the festival of colors and the start of spring, Diwali, the festival of lights, Navratri, the celebration of autumn and Rama Navami, Rama’s birthday. The caste system divides Hindus into four main categories - Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and the Shudras. Dalits and tribal peoples are outside of the caste system. The Gawaria fit in the Shudra or working caste.
* Scripture Prayers for the Gawaria in Pakistan.
Pray for workers to take the gospel message to the Gawaria community. Pray the Lord will prepare the hearts of the Gawaria to understand and to believe the gospel. Pray that Gawaria parents are able to provide for their children. Pray for a movement to Christ among the Gawaria people in India and Pakistan.
|Profile Source: Joshua Project|
|People Name General||Gawaria|
|People Name in Country||Gawaria|
|Population this Country||8,700|
|Population all Countries||97,000|
|Progress Scale||1 ●|
|Frontier People Group||Yes|
|Pioneer Workers Needed||1|
|Alternate Names||Badi; Bajigar; Banjara; Gancha; Garancha; Gauria; Gavar Banjara; Gavara; Gavaria; Gawara Badi; Gayari; Gowaria; Gwar; Gwaria; Gwariya; Gwariya Banjara; Gwariya Bargia; Kangar; गवारिया|
|National Bible Society||Website|
|Persecution Rank||5 (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)|
|Specialized Website||South Asia Peoples|
Primary Language: Saraiki
|Bible Translation ▲||Status (Years)|
|Possible Print Bibles|
|Forum Bible Agencies|
|National Bible Societies|
|World Bible Finder|
|Resource Type ▲||Resource Name|
|Audio Recordings||Audio Bible teaching (GRN)|
|Audio Recordings||Oral Bible|
|Audio Recordings||Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)|
|Film / Video||Jesus Film: view in Saraiki|
|General||Got Questions Ministry|
|Text / Printed Matter||Online Bible text (Scripture Earth)|